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Category FLORA  

Smilatsina


2015-12-28 00:00:00

SMILATSINA
SMILACINA
Sem. Convallaria
Name: diminutive Smilax sarsaparilla, given the similarity of these plants.

Smilacina henrii
photo Rozantseva Tatiana

Description: rhizomatous, usually low perennials. Leaves oblong, lanceolate or ovate, always alternate, often sessile, rarely with a short petiole, with numerous longitudinal veins. Flowers in the final brush or whisk, small, white or purple. Perianth of 6 identical, elongated, stellate outspread leaves. Stamens 6, they usually do not protrude from the perianth. Filaments subulate; anthers oblong or spherical, swinging. Ovary sessile, globular, three-celled. Fruit -juicy berry with 1-3 seeds.

grows mainly in moist rich soil of forests, rivers and streams, wetlands and alpine tundra belt on to the tropical zone of Eastern Siberia and the Far East to the Himalayas in the North and Central America. The genus 25 species in Russia -3 types. Sakhalin and the Kuriles grow two kinds -S. dahurica Turcz . and S. trifolia Desf . The most decorative S. hirta Maxim ., Growing only in Primorye and Amur, and S. dahurica Turcz . These types differ in form inflorescences, the number and shape of leaves.

Smilatsina amplexicaul -Smilacina amplexieaulis Nutt .

grows on wooded hillsides with rich soils in teploume-rennoy zone of western North America, from British Columbia to California and New Mexico. One of the most ornamental species.

view, close to S. racemosa. Amplexicaul different leaves, broadly ovate or. Variable along the length of flower parts.

Smilatsina Daurian -Smilacina dahurica Turcz .

Habitat East Asian continental type: Russia Sakhalin -the northern and middle parts, Ussuri, See-Bureinsky, Udsky r-us, hunting, Eastern Siberia, China, Korea Peninsula. Grows in coniferous, mixed, larch, birch forests, boggy meadows, swamps. Hygrophila.

plant with thin creeping rhizome 0.2-0.3 cm in diameter. The stem is straight, the apex sometimes slightly arched, ribbed, with scattered hairs, 35-60 cm tall, dressed in the bottom of one to three membranous sheaths. Leaves are alternate, sessile their 7 -11, half, oblong, oblong-elliptic, acute or dull tip top -green, bare bottom -glaucous, rarely kovolosistye length of 6-10 cm, a width of 2 -4 cm flowers located on top of the stem in a simple, fairly thick brush length of 2 -5 cm; pedicels pubescent sit bunches of 3 -4 together at the base with scaly bracts; perianth wide open, white, 0.5-0.8 cm in diameter, its lobes oblong, tapering at both ends, 0.5 cm long, 0.1 cm wide; stamens nearly equal perianth. Fruit -a globular red berry length of 0.5 -0.8 cm flowers with a light pleasant scent. Blooms in midsummer. Grows well in conditions suburbs.

In GBS 1946 from Primorye, blooms from late May -early lyunya, seeds are formed. Grows in the shade, height 50-70 cm

Can be used for planting in parks, in areas with adequate moisture. Mentioned by Bailey Bailey, 1947.

photo Zakutnyaya Natalia

Smilatsina hairy -Smilacina hirta Maxim . = S. japonica var. mandshurica Maxim .

occurs in forests, scrublands, clearings in teploumeren-tion area in the south of Primorye and Northeast China.

Rhizome horizontal, creeping, thick, 0.5-0.8 cm in diameter, fleshy, whitish, stem height of 30-50 cm, 0.3-0.5 cm in diameter, with one to three scale-like sheaths in base line at the top of several curved at the bottom of naked or with scattered hairs on the top -bristly hairs, rarely glabrous. Leaves alternate their 5 -7, at the bottom-chereshkovato narrowed in kind, semiamplexicaul, broad or oblong-elliptic, located in the upper part of the stem, pubescent on the edge, ciliated, rarely glabrous, 5-12 cm in length, width 4 -7 cm , upper smaller lower. Numerous flowers are collected in a complex branching brush 4-7 cm long, pedicels short koopushennye with membranous bracts at the base, perianth wide open, white, about 0.8-0.9 cm in diameter, with elongated rounded lobes at the top. Stamens with yellow anthers, almost equal shares of the perianth. Berry reddish-black. Blossoms in May -June. Grows well in conditions suburbs.

Larissa Safronova Photo

Smilatsina Japanese -Smilacina japonica A, Gray

Distributed in the mountain forests of Japan.

view, close to S. hirta. Stem less bristly, sometimes naked. Shirokoprodolgovatye leaves. Perianth segments linear, slightly pointed.

Smilatsina vegetable or choklibi -Smilacina oleracea Hook. f. et Thorns.

growing in the forest belt at an altitude of 2700-3400 m above sea level. m in the Eastern Himalayas.

Plants up to 1.5 m tall. Stem top tortuous, densely pubescent. 10-14 leaves, they are oblong, 7-20 cm long, with very short petioles. Panicle oblong or triangular, 7-30 cm tall and 10-15 cm wide. Perianth white, 0.6-0.8 cm in diameter. Stamens 3 times shorter than him. Deserves a warm temperate zone test in Russian. At home use in food.

Smilatsina purple -Smilacina purpurea Wall .

grows in forests and meadows and subalpine zones of mid-mountain Central and Eastern Himalayas.

Stem 60-100 cm tall, bare bottom, top pubescent, slightly sinuous. 5-12 leaves, they are rising, with notable short petioles, oblong, 7-15 cm long, 2.5-7 cm wide in the middle, acute, glabrous above, ciliate along the veins. Brush 7-15 cm high and 1.8-2.4 cm in diameter. Pedicels 0.6-1.2 cm long. Perianth 0.6-0.8 cm long, bright purple. Stamens shorter than the perianth 3 times. Deserves testing in temperate zones of Russia.

Smilatsina racemosa -Smilacina racemosa L. Desf.

grows in deciduous forests on fertile moist soil in warm temperate zone of southern Canada and the eastern United States.

rhizome rather thick, fleshy. Stem 30-90 cm tall, slightly sinuous, hairy naked or upstairs. 10-15 leaves, they are ascending, oblong-lanceolate or oval, pointed, 5-20 cm long and 2-7 cm wide, on very short petioles, glabrous above, slightly pubescent, ciliate on the edges slightly, palely. Whisk rather thin, oblong or conical, 5-15 cm tall, on a short peduncle, with ascending branches. Pedicels solitary, 0.5-1 cm long. Perianth white, 0.2 cm long and 0.4 cm in diameter. Leaflets shirokoyazychkovye. Stamens protruding clear. Berry pale-red, with purple dots, 0.4-0.6 cm in diameter., Fragrant, often single seed. Hardy. The most beautiful and most other cultivated species of the genus. Tested: St. Petersburg.

photo Anna Petrovicheva

Smilatsina sidyachelistnaya - Smilacina sessilifolia Nutt .

occurs on moist slopes and along streams in the warm temperate zone of western North America.

Stem 30-60 cm tall, erect, usually tortuous upstairs. Leaves ovate-lanceolate, 5-15 cm long, sharp or pointed, sessile, compressed at the base, more or less pubescent. Brush 2-5 cm in height, from 5-20 flowers. Tepals 0.4-0.7 cm long, lanceolate, white. Stamens 1/2 or 2/3 shorter than the tepals. Berry dark purple, 0.6-1 cm in diameter.

Smilatsina zvezchataya -Smilacina stellata

grows on moist soils in temperate zones of Canada, the United States and northwestern Europe.

Rhizome thick, fleshy. Stem rather thick, naked, erect, zigzag or straight, 20-80 cm tall. Leaves lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, 5-13 cm long and 1-3 cm wide, sessile, slightly amplexicaul, glaucous below, velvety short pubescent. Brush 2.5-5 cm long. Perianth segments oblong, obtuse, 0.4-0.6 cm long. Stamens shorter than the perianth. Berry green, with 6 black or black veins, 0.6-1 cm in diameter. It blooms in early summer. One of the most beautiful and widespread species in culture. Plant hardiness. Tested: St. Petersburg.

photo EDSR.

Smilatsina trifoliata -Smilacina trifolia L. Desf. The area of the North Pacific

type: Russia Sakhalin -the northern and middle parts; Ussuri-Zeya Bureinsky, Udsky r-us, hunting, Arctic, Siberia, Korea Peninsula, Northeast China, North America. Larch grows in damp, swamps and marshy meadows. Forms thickets. Hygrophila.

Rhizome thin, creeping. Stem thin, straight, 5-20 38 cm tall, with 1-3 scales at the base. Leaves 2-4, usually 3, they are oval, oblong or oblong-lanceolate, sessile, half, 4-13 cm long and 1-5 cm wide, acute or acuminate, narrowed at the base, glabrous or on the edge with short hairs. Brush 2.5-5cm height of 4-20 white flowers 0.5-0.8 cm in diameter. Purple anthers. Berry dark red, 0.5-0.6 cm in diameter. Blossoms in the spring and early summer, the fruits ripen in September.

Suitable for planting in parks and well in damp moist places. Indicated in Vimena Wyman, 1971.

Location: from light to shady shady, cool place with moist air. Moistureloving, but does not tolerate stagnant waters.

Soil: is fresh, loose, clay-humus devoid of lime soil.

Care: watering in dry weather. Desirable mulch compost from leaves.

Reproduction: seeds and division. Sowing desirable under winter Freshly seeds. Can be sown in spring after cold stratification. Seedlings develop slowly and begin to bloom only 3-4 years. Vegetatively propagated easily -by dividing the rhizomes in spring. Landing shallow. Lives in one place for long, as raspolzayas rejuvenated.

Application: group landing in a light shade of trees and walls.

Partners: Cardamine trifolia, Epimedium, Hosta, Tiarella, Ferns.

KEY TO THE SPECIES
1. Inflorescence not branched brush ...................... 2.
+ Inflorescence branched panicle ....................... 6.

2. Brush consists of bundles of 2-5 flowers in each ........... C. Daurian -S. dahurica.
+ Brush consists of single flowers .................. 3.

3. Leaves no more than 4. Plants naked or almost naked, rarely above 20 cm purple anthers C. ............... trifoliata -S. trifolia.
+ Leaves more than 4. Plants above 30 cm ................ 4.

4. Perianth purple. Plants 60-100 cm high. Leaves with short petioles ................... 6. S. purpurea -S. purpurea.
+ Perianth white or creamy. Plants 30-60 cm tall. Sessile. .5.

5. Bracts triangular. Berry blue-black or green, with dark stripes 6. Stalk more or less direct S. ..... starry -S. stellata.
+ Bracts lanceolate. Dark red berry. Stem zigzag curved top .............. 8. S. sidyachelistnaya -S. sessilifolia.

6. Stem 60-150 cm tall, densely hairy at the top and winding. Inflorescence 7-30 cm high. Stamens shorter than the perianth 3 times; their triangular thread .................... C. vegetable -S. oleracea.
+ Stem up to 100 cm tall. Inflorescence up to 15 cm tall. Stamens not shorter or slightly shorter perianth ....... 7.

7. Stamens slightly shorter than or equal to perianth not protruding from it. Berry reddish-black ... 8.
+ Stamens slightly longer than perianth favor of it. Berry red with purple speckles ...................... 9.

8. Leaflets perianth oblong-oval, obtuse. Foliage rounded-elliptic S. .............. hairy -S. hirta.
+ Perianth segments linear, slightly pointed. Leaves shirokoprodolgovatye C. ....... Japanese -S. japonica.

9. Leaves sessile or korotkochereshkovye . . . C. paniculata -S. racemosa.
+ Foliage amplexicaul . . . C. amplexicaul -S. amplexieaulis.

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